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General
49 - CIVIL INFRACTION

VILLAGE OF FAIRGROVE
 
TUSCOLA COUNTY, MICHIGAN
 
ORDINANCE NO. 49
 
CIVIL INFRACTION
 
An ordinance establishing municipal civil infractions, enforcement procedures, and providing penalties and sanctions for violations of ordinances.
 
THE VILLAGE OF FAIRGROVE ORDAINS:
 
Section 1. DEFINITIONS. For the purpose of this Ordinance, certain terms are herein defined.
 
Act. Act. No. 236 of the Public Acts of 1961, as amended.
 
Authorized official. Any public officer, agent or personnel authorized by ordinance to issue municipal civil infractions and any police officer having jurisdiction within the Village.
 
Municipal civil infraction. An act or omission that is prohibited by any ordinance, but which is not a crime, and for which civil sanctions, including without limitation, fines, damages, expenses, and costs, may be ordered, as authorized by Chapter 87 of Act. No. 236 of the Public Acts of 1961, as amended. A municipal civil infraction is not a lesser included offense of a violation of this Ordinance that is a criminal offense.
 
Municipal civil infraction action. A civil action in which the defendant is alleged to be responsible for a municipal civil infraction.
 
Municipal civil infraction citation. A written complaint or notice prepared by an authorized official, directing a person to appear in court regarding the occurrence or existence of a municipal civil infraction violation by the person cited.
 
Section 2. GENERAL PENALTIES AND SANCTIONS FOR VIOLATIONS OF ORDINANCVES; CONTINUING VIOLATIONS; INJUNCTIVE RELIEF.
 
(A)    Unless a violation of an ordinance is specifically designated in the ordinance as a Municipal Civil Infraction, the violation shall be deemed to be a misdemeanor.
(B)    The sanction for a violation which is a Municipal Civil Infraction shall be a civil fine in the amount as provided by this Ordinance, plus any cost, damages, expenses, and other sanctions, as authorized under Chapter 87 of Act No. 236 of the Public Acts of 1961, as amended, and other applicable laws.
(1)    Unless otherwise specifically provided for, the civil fine for a particular Municipal Civil Infraction violations shall be not less than One Hundred ($100.00) Dollars, plus costs and other sanctions, for each infraction.
(2)    Increased civil fines may be imposed for repeated violations by a person of any ordinance provision. As used in this Section, “repeat offense” means a second (or any subsequent) Municipal Civil Infraction violation of the same requirement or provision (i) committed by a person within any twelve-month period, unless some other period is specifically provided by Ordinance and (ii) for which the person admits responsibility or is determined to be responsible. Unless otherwise specifically provided by Ordinance for a particular Municipal Civil Infraction violation, the increased fine for a repeat offense shall be as follows:
(a)    The fine for any offense which is a first repeat offense shall be no less than Two Hundred Fifty ($250.00) Dollars, plus costs.
(b)    The fine for any offense which is a second repeat offense or any subsequent repeat offense shall be no less than Five Hundred ($500.00) Dollars, plus costs.
(c)    A “violation” includes any act which is prohibited by any Ordinance or any omission or failure to act where the act is required by any Ordinance.
(d)    Each day on which any violation of any Ordinance continues constitutes a separate offense and shall be subject to penalties or sanctions as a separate offense.
(e)    In addition to any remedies available at law, the Village may bring an action for an injunction or other process against a person to restrain, prevent, or abate any violation of the Ordinance.
 
Section 3. ACTION; COMMENCEMENT.
 
A municipal civil infraction action may be commenced upon the issuance by an authorized official of a municipal civil infraction citation directing the alleged violator to appear in court.
 
Section 4. CITATIONS; ISSUANCE AND SERVICE.
 
Municipal civil infraction citations shall be issued and served by authorized officials as follows:
 
(A)    The time for appearance specified in a citation shall be within a reasonable time after the citation is issued.
(B)    The place for appearance specified in a citation shall be the District Court.
(C)   Each citation shall be numbered consecutively and shall be in a form approved by the State Court Administrator. The original citation shall be filed with the District Court. Copies of the citation shall be retained by the authorized official and issued to the alleged violator as provided by Section 8705 of the Act.
(D)   A citation for a municipal civil infraction signed by an authorized official shall be treated as made under oath if the violation alleged in the citation occurred in the presence of the official signing the complaint and if the citation contains the following statement immediately above the date and signature of the official: “I declare under the penalties of perjury that the statements above are true to the best of my information, knowledge, and belief”.    
(E)    An authorized official who witnesses a person commit a municipal civil infraction shall prepare and subscribe, as soon as possible and as completely as possible, an original and required copies of a citation.
(F)    An authorized official may issue a citation to a person if:
(1)    Based upon investigation, the official has reasonable cause to believe that the person is responsible for a municipal civil infraction; or
(2)    Based upon investigation of a complaint by someone who allegedly witnessed the person commit a municipal civil infraction, the official has reasonable cause to believe that the person is responsible for an infraction and if the municipal attorney approves in writing the issuance of the citation.
(G)   Municipal civil infraction citations shall be served by an authorized official as follows:
(1)    Except as provided by Section 4(g)(2) below, an authorized official shall personally serve a copy of the citation upon the alleged violator.
(2)    If the municipal civil infraction involves the use or occupancy of land, a building, or other structure, a copy of the citation does not need to be personally served upon the alleged violator, but may be served upon an owner or occupant of the land, building, or structure by posting the copy of the citation or attaching the copy to the building or structure. In addition, a copy of the citation shall be sent by first-class mail to the owner of the land, building, or structure at the owner’s last known address.
 
Section 5. CONTENTS
 
(A)     A municipal ordinance citation shall contain the name and address of the alleged violator, the municipal civil infraction alleged, the place where the alleged violator shall appear in court, the telephone number of the court, and the time at or by which the appearance shall be made.
(B)    Further, the citation shall inform the alleged violator that he or she may do one of the following:
(1)    Admit responsibility for the municipal civil infraction by mail, in person, or by representation, at or by the time specified for appearance.
(2)    Admit responsibility for the municipal civil infraction “with explanation” by mail by the time specified for appearance or, in person, or by representation.
(3)    Deny responsibility for the municipal civil infraction by doing either of the following:
(a)    Appearing in person for an informal hearing before a judge or district court magistrate, without the opportunity of being represented by an attorney, unless a formal hearing before a judge is requested by the authorized official or municipal attorney.
(b)    Appearing in court for a formal hearing before a judge, with the opportunity of being represented by an attorney.
(C)    The citation shall also inform the alleged violator of all of the following:
(1)    That if the alleged violator desires to admit responsibility “with explanation” in person or by representation, the alleged violator must apply to the court in person, by mail, by telephone, or by representation within the time specified for appearance and obtain a scheduled date and time for an appearance.
(2)    That if the alleged violator desires to deny responsibility, the alleged violator must apply to the court in person, by mail, by telephone, or by representation within the time specified for appearance and obtain a scheduled date and time to appear for a hearing, unless a hearing date is specified on the citation.
(3)    That a hearing shall be an informal hearing unless a formal hearing is requested by the alleged violator or the authorized official acting on behalf of the Village.
(4)    That at an informal hearing the alleged violator must appear in person before a judge or district court magistrate, without the opportunity of being represented by an attorney.
(5)    That at a formal hearing the alleged violator must appear in person before a judge and shall have the opportunity of being represented by an attorney.
(D)    The citation shall contain a notice in boldfaced type that the failure of the alleged violator to appear within the time specified in the citation or at the time scheduled for a hearing or appearance is a misdemeanor and will result in entry of a Default Judgment against the alleged violator on the municipal civil infraction.
 
Section 6. SEVERABILITY.
 
The various parts, sections, and clauses of this Ordinance are hereby declared to be severable. If any part, sentence, paragraph, section, or clause is adjudged unconstitutional or invalid by a court of competent jurisdiction, the remainder of the Ordinance shall not be affected thereby.
 
Section 7. REPEAL.
 
The former Civil Infraction Ordinance No. 49, adopted on March 3, 2003; is hereby repealed in its entirety.
 
Section 8. ENACTMENT AND EFFECTIVE DATE.
 
(A)   This Ordinance was adopted by the Fairgrove Village Council at a meeting duly held on the 5th day of February, 2007 and was published in the Tuscola County Advertiser on the 10th day of February, 2007.
(B) This Ordinance shall take effect twenty (20) days after the date of adoption specified above (February 25, 2007)
 
 
                                                                                    _____________________________
                                                                                    Duane L. Maguire, President
 
 
                                                                                    _____________________________
                                                                                    Beverly J. Parsell, Clerk

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